Picking up the guitar is a great way to provide yourself with a new creative outlet that not only improves your physical and mental dexterity but can also boost your personal confidence. Learning to read guitar chord charts is an essential skill for anyone who wants to play, especially if you're ready to start mastering chords.
Chord chart sheets provide a visual representation of the chords you need to play, making it easier to learn and memorize songs. However, for beginners hoping to dive into chords, these charts can be intimidating and confusing. Rocksmith+ chord chart arrangements give you the option to choose Root Notes difficulty, allowing you to start with single note-oriented material before diving into the full chords.
That said, whether you're a beginner or an experienced guitarist looking to refine your skills, this guide will help you master the art of reading guitar chord charts.
What Are the Basic Components of Chord Charts?
Let's start by making a few distinctions --- the term "chord chart" can sometimes be ambiguous. Traditionally, the term "chord chart" can refer to a reference sheet that shows a variety of different chord shapes and diagrams, the chord diagrams themselves, or a form of musical notation that shows you harmonic and rhythmic information for a specific song.
However, Rocksmith+ also provides chord chart arrangements that can help you on your musical journey. Here is a breakdown of each use of the term "chord chart" you may encounter.
Chord Chart Reference Sheets
When you look at a guitar chord chart reference sheet, you'll notice that it consists of multiple chord diagrams arranged in a chart format. Understanding the different components of a chord diagram is crucial for being able to read and play the chords correctly, whether you're using an online resource to learn guitar, like Rocksmith+, or a traditional, physical chord book.
A chord chart is made up of various chord diagrams --- you might look at a chord chart specific to different keys, for example. In a chord chart for the key of C, you would find individual chord diagrams for the chords C, Dm, Em, F, G, Am, and B diminished.
A chord diagram is a box-shaped grid that represents the guitar fretboard. The top of the diagram, or the top horizontal line, represents the nut of the guitar, and the vertical lines represent the guitar strings. The horizontal lines represent the frets. In the diagram, you will see small circles or dots that represent where you need to place your fretting hand fingers to play the chord.
In the case of a barre chord, you'll see lines or bands stretching across the diagram, indicating which strings need to be barred.
The strings on a guitar are numbered with the thinnest string (high-E string) as the first string, and the thickest string (low-E string) as the sixth string. The frets are the spaces between the metal bars on the neck of the guitar. When you press down on a string at a certain fret, you create a note. The chord diagram shows which strings to play and which frets to press down.
The term "chord chart" can also refer to a form of musical notation, commonly used in jazz music.
In this context, a chord chart is a form of notation that represents the structure of a song through symbols. It tells musicians which chords to play and when to play them, and usually comes in the form of a grid with chord symbols written above bars which represent measures.
Each measure represents a fixed amount of time, which is often four beats but can vary depending on the time signature of the song. The chord symbols themselves are typically alphabetic letters (A through G) that represent the root note of the chord, possibly followed by other characters indicating the quality (like major or minor), and extensions or modifications (like 7 for a seventh chord, # for a sharpened note).
A chord chart does not provide specific notes or voicings to play, but rather the harmonic structure of the piece, allowing musicians the flexibility to interpret and express the song in their own style.
Rocksmith+ Chord Chart Arrangements
Rocksmith+ chord chart arrangements are designed around a virtual representation of a guitar neck, with a scrolling "highway" of notes and chords moving from towards the player across the screen, timed to the music. This highway corresponds to the strings of a real guitar, with the distance between the virtual "frets" representing the spacing on an actual instrument.
The chords can also be viewed via a chord chart preview, giving players an overview of each of the chords involved in a specific song, and the corresponding chord diagrams.
Colored markers provide visual cues to guide your fingers to the correct strings and frets on the guitar. Each color corresponds to a different string, making it easier for beginners to follow along without having to constantly check their fingers. The numbers on these markers indicate which fingers should be used to hold down the strings, helping players adopt correct fingering techniques right from the start.
This approach allows Rocksmith+ to provide real-time feedback and adapt to the player's skill level. Beginners can start with simplified chord versions, and as they grow more comfortable, the system can introduce more complex arrangements. Players can slow down challenging sections, loop them for repeated practice, and gradually increase the tempo as their skill improves.
Rocksmith+ thus marries the flexibility of chord chart notations with the advantages of real-time feedback and adaptive learning. This interactive learning system makes guitar learning more accessible to a wider audience, reducing the initial hurdles and encouraging continued practice and improvement.
How Do You Read Guitar Chord Diagrams?
Understanding chord diagrams is an essential part of learning how to read guitar chord charts. Here are the key elements you need to understand:
Explanation of the Dots and Xs on the Diagram
Chord diagrams use dots to indicate where you need to place your fingers on the fretboard to play a chord. These dots appear above the diagram, and they represent the frets and strings you need to play. If there is an X above a string, it means that you should not play that string. This is important because it allows you to mute any strings that might produce an unwanted sound.
Finger Placement Indicators
As mentioned, the small circles or dots on the chord diagram represent where you should place your fingers on the fretboard --- and the numbers inside the dots indicate which finger you should use to play that note. For example, the number 1 might be inside the dot on the first fret of the B string, indicating that you should use your index finger to play that note.
Some chord charts also use different symbols to represent finger placement, such as letters (T for the thumb, I for the index finger, M for the middle finger, and so on) or Roman numerals (I for the index finger, II for the middle finger, and so on).
Reading Chord Names and Symbols
Chord names are usually written above the chord diagrams and indicate the name of the chord. Symbols are used to indicate variations of the chords.
For example, the symbol "m" after a chord name indicates that the chord is a minor chord. The symbol "7" after a chord name indicates that the chord is a dominant 7th chord, a more complex and jazzy chord that utilizes dissonance to create rich harmonic content. Combining these two symbols leads to yet another chord type --- the minor 7th chord, represented by m7.
This chord is one you'd need to learn in order to play Bonnie Tyler's classic song, "Louisiana Rain." Other symbols include "sus" for suspended chords and "add" for added notes.
In Rocksmith+, any Chord in the Song Details of a given song can be clicked on for a close-up, the ability to play the chord notes out loud to make sure you're sounding right, and, in many cases, a video of how to play the chord.
What Are Some Tips for Practicing Guitar Chord Charts?
Practicing guitar chord charts is a crucial aspect of learning to play the guitar. Here are some tips to help you get the most out of your practice sessions:
Start With Easy Chords
It's essential to start with easy chords when you're first learning to read guitar chord charts --- that means jumping right into complex barre chords may not be your best bet.
Starting off easy will help you build your confidence as a guitar player, develop your finger strength and dexterity with basic chord shapes, and allow you to play a handful of your favorite songs and guitar arrangements, including "Ain't No Sunshine When She's Gone," by Bill Withers.
Some easy chords to start with include G, C, D, A, and E. Once you've mastered these chords, you can move on to new chords or variations of these chords.
Practice Transitioning Between Chords
One of the most challenging aspects of guitar playing is transitioning smoothly between chords. To improve your ability to move around your guitar neck and transition between chords, practice playing two chords back-to-back, focusing on making the switch as smooth and seamless as possible.
Start with simple chord transitions and pairs, and gradually work your way up to more complex ones. For example, the transition between Am and E is simple because it uses the same shape, just shifted down one string.
Focus on deliberate practice, which you can attain by having a loose but attainable timeline of goals and a progressive lesson plan. The latter is made easier when you're following an online course specifically designed for beginners to grow!
Rely on Rocksmith+ Difficulty Settings
With Rocksmith+ chord chart arrangements, you can select from different difficulty settings. Choose between single note Root Note versions, Power Chord versions, more common or simple chords (like Open Chords), and the full chord version that incorporates trickier chords like Barre Chords.
With these settings, you can tailor your practice sessions to your specific needs and skill level, working your way up to more complex versions of chords.
Learning how to read guitar chord charts is an essential skill for any aspiring guitarist. By understanding the basic components of a guitar chord chart, including chord diagrams, strings and frets, and finger placement indicators, you'll be able to read chord charts more effectively and play chords more accurately.
Additionally, by following the tips for practicing guitar chord charts, such as starting with easy chords, practicing transitioning between chords, and using a metronome for timing and rhythm, you'll be well on your way to becoming a proficient guitarist. So keep practicing and don't give up, and soon enough, you'll be able to play your favorite songs with ease!